¿What is Bruxism?

Bruxism is the unconscious clenching and grinding of teeth usually that occurs at night, but can also occur during the day. The diurnal bruxism is usually more tightened that squeaky, nocturnal bruxism, but it can be both. Bruxism affects between 10% and 20% of the population and can lead to have headaches, facial muscles, and neck and ear pain.

¿Why does bruxism happen?

Bruxism is considered an unconscious habit of grinding or clenching teeth.

It is not known exactly why this habit develops. It may be due to an irregular dental occlusion, but it seems than in most cases it is enhanced by certain emotional states such as anxiety and stress.


If when waking up in the morning presents symptoms such as feeling tired at the level of the face muscles, headache, dental pain, earaches and other facial pains, you could have bruxism.

Types of Bruxism

(Incipient habit): It is not aggressive, it is occasional and irreversible because it can disappear when the patient is conscious, it may be conditioned to local factors inside the mouth, which when removed promptly allow the prevention and elimination. Anxiety may be absent in the patient.

(Established habit): In this degree, anxiety is already present, the presentation is unconscious for the patient and disappears when he becomes aware, it can be dental problems which need a comprehensive treatment to ensure its elimination. The habit Grade II may be reversible, but if left untreated can pass to Grade III.

(Powerful habit) is presented in excessive and irresistible way for the patient who suffers even when is aware. Conditions in teeth, muscles and joint may be permanent. The powerful habit is difficult to manage and treatment results are unsatisfactory.

Warning signs to go to consultation

Acute pain that requires analgesic intake. Changing colour of the crown of the obvious teeth. When there are gray or dark areas between your teeth and abscess formation. When there is sensitivity to cold foods or liquids.

Having dental clenching, in the beginning will draw up a relaxing plaque which function is protect your teeth and the temporomandibular articulation of the "additional work" that you are exerting and thus mitigate some damage and improve symptoms.

It is essential that you are aware that not only using the plate will completely improve the problem; you should seek relaxing activities that reduce the high tension as it is found that one of the causes of bruxism is stress.

Bruxism is a condition that can irreversibly affect the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint pain), may cause death of the dental nerve, dental mobility for bone loss and tooth wear.

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