¿What is Dental Decay?

Dental decay is the destruction of the tissues of the teeth caused by the presence of bacteria found in their surface by brushing absence of a failure to do it properly.

¿Why is dental decay formed?

When we do not brush properly, a transparent, sticky film called plaque is formed as a result of food and beverages accumulation where these bacteria grow; they feed on all those deposited foods and produce acids that destroy the teeth later and is called dental decay.

Signs and symptoms

Discolouration of the tooth (Dental aesthetics alteration), appearances of a cavity in the tooth, spontaneous tooth pain when chewing, eating sugar and thermal stimuli (hot / cold). In these cases, we must always do a differential diagnosis with dentine hypersensitivity, retention of food between teeth, bad breath or halitosis.

Types of Dental decay

  1. Crown decay: These are the most common decay, occur in children and adults and mostly affect the surfaces with which we chew, but may also occur between the teeth where it is more difficult to make a good brushing.

  2. Root decay: This decay is presented in the roots teeth when they are exposed because the gum has been retracted.

  3. Recurrent decay: These decay occur when surrounding restorations or existing fillings. It is presented because are areas that tend to accumulate a lot of plaque.

Warning signs to go to consultation

When there is a pain that may require analgesic intake. Changing crown colour of the obvious teeth. Having grey or dark areas between your teeth and abscess formation. When there is sensitivity to cold foods or liquids.

How is decay prevented

Undoubtedly the best prevention is brushing the teeth and mouth, because that way the plaque is removed and without plaque decay does not appear. Proper brushing it must be consulted to our dentist and must be at least three times a day or after meals.

Use dental floss to clean the areas where brushing usually fails, i.e. between the teeth. Eating a balanced diet without abusing of the consumption of sugar and try to do it with meals rather than between them.

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