Periodontal diseases are bacterial gum infections that destroy the attachment fibres and supporting bone that holds the teeth in the mouth.
The main cause of these diseases is bacterial plaque, because if this is not removed can be converted into a hard substance called, plaque / dental calculus, tartar is so hard it can only be removed by a professional cleaning.
In this final stage of the disease, the fibres and bone that support the teeth are destroyed, which causes the teeth to shift or loosen.
The bite may be affected and, if appropriate treatment is not performed, it may happen that the periodontist has to remove teeth.
Bleeding gums with brushing.
Soft gums, swollen and red.
Gums loose from teeth.
Persistent bad breath, pus between teeth and gums (bad taste in the mouth).
Loose and separated teeth.
Change in the way teeth fit together when you bite.
The early stages of the disease can usually be reversed with proper brushing and proper use of dental floss. Good oral health will help to prevent the formation of plaque.
A professional cleaning carried out by the specialist is the only way to eliminate the accumulation of plaque that has hardened into tartar.