Root canal treatment or endodontic is a dental specialty responsible for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the dental pulp diseases.
Root canal treatment involves removing the pulp tissue or the contents of the root canals and then place an obturation material to seal spaces that were previously cleaned and disinfected.
It may also be necessary, the retreatment canal. This type of treatment is performed when it is necessary to repeat a pre-treatment root canal found to be defective or when it presents any symptoms or apical lesion (root infection).
Discomfort and pain post-operative.
Perforation of canal through the instruments used, or broken instruments within the canal during treatment, which may require additional corrective surgical treatment or even lead to premature loss or extraction of the tooth.
Premature tooth loss due to periodontal progressive disease in the surrounding, or support area.
Internal or external reabsorption - Spontaneous dissolution of the tooth.
Lockjaw or temporary restriction of mouth opening.
In some teeth, only root canal treatment will not be enough.
Mandibular alveolar nerve damage, which may cause temporary or permanent numbness.
Increase the possibility of fracture.
Failure of root canal treatment because of root fracture.
Tooth abscess combined with gingival abscess.
Filtration with hypochlorite to the periapical tissues.
a. The endodontic treatment requires recurring appointments control at 6 months and a year.
b. Not conducting any treatment, it can lead to a serious infection that can spread throughout the body.
c. Is important to start the consumption of medicines to control post-operative pain.
d. Not antibiotics prescription unless there is an additional oral or intraoral inflammation or the specialist it considers necessary.
e. The appearance of post-operative inflammation is unusual, and the appearance of it is a sign of infection, therefore, if you experience swelling, you must notify as soon as possible, to give you the respective antibiotic prescription.
f. You should attend emergency appointment to replace the temporary restoration placed, once root canal treatment has been performed, if you find that the temporary filling dissolves, evicted, fractures or debone.
g. You should avoid eating sticky foods, to prevent eviction of temporary restorations.
h. Once the root canal treatment is completed, it is essential the realization of the obturation or final restoration in the shortest time possible (no more than 8 days).