It is the inflammation of the gums. it is the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat.
The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque: a soft, sticky, colourless film formed by bacteria, constantly deposited on teeth and gums.
If a correct use of oral hygiene tools (toothbrush, flossing, rinsing) is not performed, bacterial plaque produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis.
At this early stage of the disease, damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place are not yet affected. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.
Red, swollen and tender gums, which may bleed when brushing.
Gums that have receded or been pulled away from the teeth, giving your teeth an elongated appearance.
Gum disease can cause the formation of pockets between teeth and gums, where plaque and leftover food get together.
Some people may experience recurrent bad breath or bad taste even when the disease is not advanced.
Good oral hygiene and professional cleanings are also extremely important because once plaque hardens and builds up, or become tartar; only a dentist can remove it.
Eating right to ensure proper nutrition for your jawbone and teeth.
Avoiding cigarettes and other forms of tobacco.